According to a recent study, over 50 percent deaths caused due to smoking in 2015 took place majorly in four countries and India is one of them. And the most efficient way to do that is to enact smoke-free laws, which also protect nonsmokers from tobacco smoke.
The study found that out of more than 6.4 million people globally, every 10th death was as a effect of tobacco consumption.
More than 930 million people smoked daily in 2015, compared to 870 million in 1990 - a 7 per cent jump. "Over the past five years, the cigarette and tobacco manufacturing industry persevered despite increasingly challenging operating conditions and intense scrutiny from both the government and the public", according to industry research group IBISWorld. Adding pictures on cigarette packs to illustrate the dangers of smoking increases attempts by smokers to quit, according to a month-long clinical survey released past year and conducted among 1,900 adult smokers, professors at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
In India, where 11.2 per cent of the world's smokers live, the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA) is being implemented and the creation of a National Tobacco Control Programme (NTCP) in 2007 - has been rolled out in phases and now covers about 40 per cent of all districts in India. Lastly, the highest smoking rate for women in 2015 was recorded in Greenland.
Health Canada announced Wednesday that they have finalized an amendment to the Tobacco Act to ban the use of menthol in cigarettes, blunt wraps and most cigars sold on the Canadian market. They are linked to 16 types of cancer, 25 life threatening diseases, and result in 20,000 deaths of Malaysians each year.
In Russia - where tobacco control policies were not put into place until 2014 - the percentage of women who smoke climbed by more than 4 percent over the same period.
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Researchers from the University of Washington in Seattle assessed the prevalence of daily smoking in 195 countries.
For women, the change in daily smoking prevalence flipped from an alarming 1 percent yearly increase from 1990 to 2005, to a 2 percent decrease from 2005 to 2015.
The Ministry of Health is to receive technical support from the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) Secretariat to accelerate plans to enforce tobacco control regulations.
"The national trends in vaping and cigarette smoking do not support the argument that vaping is leading to smoking", Lynn T. Kozlowski, PhD, of the School of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Buffalo, said in a press release. "Without urgent action, more than 80% of tobacco-related deaths will occur in low- and middle-income countries by 2030".
To date the initiative has successfully supported 59 countries in passing laws or policies, reaching almost 3.5 billion people and saving an estimated 30 million lives. Although in developing countries the rate of smoking among women is going down, the epidemic of tobacco use among women is increasing.
The study was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Bloomberg Philanthropies.