The talks in the Swiss city kicked off last Thursday, bringing together the delegation of the Syrian Arab Republic and those of the opposition groups.
"Russia is in a very hard position, it's being torn between its traditional partners, Assad and Iran, and its potential partners in the fight against Islamic State - Turkey and the USA", said Alexander Shumilin, head of the Middle East Conflicts Center at the Institute for US and Canada Studies, a government-run research group in Moscow.
The draft was prepared by western permanent members of the Security Council, including the United States, a main supplier of arms to militants who almost six years ago started their struggle to bring down the Syrian government.
A fresh round of UN-led peace talks aimed at ending the Syrian conflict are now struggling to get off the ground in Geneva. While new U.S. President Donald Trump has called for an alliance with Russian Federation to fight the jihadists, he's also branded Iran as the "number one terrorist" threat even as the Kremlin insists on including Iranian-backed and Assad forces in the anti-terrorist campaign in Syria.
Russian officials say they hope to advance discussions on a new constitution for Syria.
"We will not deal with it, and if (UN mediator Staffan de Mistura) adds it in any time we will not deal with it or discuss it", Yehya Kodmani of the High Negotiating Committee (HNC) told reporters. The Syrian leader, confident after military advances with the help of Russian air power that led to the capture of the former commercial capital Aleppo in December, maintains the fight against terrorism is the priority.
The opposition wants to discuss "political transition" because they see it as an end to Assad's autocratic rule.
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"Due to the Russian pressure, there is acceptance to tackle the issue of. political transition", Nasr al-Hariri, head of the Syrian opposition delegation, told a press conference at the United Nations in Geneva after meeting with de Mistura.
The Syrian opposition at Geneva IV peace talks said Wednesday they had been told by United Nations mediator Staffan de Mistura that the regime delegation had agreed to discuss the issue of political transition.
The HNC was set to formally meet with Gatilov on Wednesday evening, and hoped to have "constructive discussions" the failing ceasefire and the deteriorating humanitarian situation across many areas of the country. "There is common understanding that we need to move ahead in resolving the Syria crisis", Gatilov said, adding the sides outlined their approaches to finding solutions to the Syria crisis.
Gatilov also said Moscow is open to discussions with the US over Syria.
"The fact that it has recognised these factions as a negotiating party is an indication of Russia's openness and we are hopeful that tomorrow's meeting is also a positive indication".
A ceasefire backed by Russia, Iran and Turkey has not stopped the fighting.
"How much longer is Russian Federation going to continue to babysit and make excuses for the Syrian regime?" she said on Friday following a closed-door council meeting to discuss chemical weapons use in Syria.